Kingdom of Lindissi
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The Kingdom of Lindissi

In addition to the perceived Flemish connection of the Scottish Lindsays, there is yet a second theory of the origin of at least some of the earlier Lindsays of Great Britain.  The ancient Kingdom of Lindissi or Lindsey is supposed to have existed in the fifth and sixth centuries, in the area of Lincolnshire, England long before the time of William the Conqueror (1066) and the advent of the Flemish Lindsays.

Lincolnshire archaeological research has defined the following eras for their studies.

  1. Prehistoric Era ( BC10000- c.AD60)
  2. Roman Military Era (c.60AD-c.90AD)
  3. Roman Colonia Era (c.90-c.410)
  4. Early Medieval Era (c.410-c.850)
  5. High Medieval Era (c.850-c.1350)
  6. Early Modern Era (c.1350-c.1750)
  7. Industrial Era (c.1750-c.1945) 

In the 5th and 6th century Dark Ages, there were many kings in Britain but few kingdoms.  Instead there were communities of people which might be better described as tribes.

One of the most crucial factors which governed the emergence of such tribes or kingdoms in much of Dark Age Britain was the final withdrawal (ca 408 AD) of the Roman legions from the provinces of Britannia and the eventual extinction of Roman imperial authority during the course of the fifth century.  A second major factor was the irresistible waves of migrant people.  These immigrants imparted new dynamics to the relationship among communities and kingdoms in Britain.

By about 650 AD, the British Isles were a patchwork of innumerable kingdoms, both native and immigrant, that were organized by powerful warlords or kings.  The kingdoms at the western extremities of England and in Wales would boast a tradition of Roman rule.  Others in Ireland and Scotland were Gaelic-speaking and scarcely touched by Rome.  The kingdoms in south-west Wales, western Scotland, and much of England were the creation of "intruders".  From the cauldron of their incessant struggle for survival, control and supremacy emerged a smaller number of kingdoms which in seventh century England were the famous Heptarchy.  This group of seven was composed of Bernicia and Deira (which merged to form Northumbria in 651 AD), Lindsey, East Anglia, Mercia, Wessex and Kent.  The eighth and ninth centuries witnessed many more instances of smaller kingdoms being absorbed by greater ones.

Kings of these greater kingdoms found their nobility mostly among the ranks of the royal families of the kingdoms that had been absorbed.  The Kingdom of Lindsey, for example, was eventually absorbed into the kingdom of Mercia by the middle of the eighth century, with its kings and their kin taken into the Mercian nobility.

Check your local library for a copy of Dr. Kevin Leahy's book entitled, "The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Lindsey" (2007), "Anglo-Saxon England: Britain Before the Conquest" (1979) by Lloyd & Jennifer Laing and also "Pre-Viking Lindsey", Lincoln Archaeological Studies: No. 1 (1993), edited by Alan Vince.

More of the details of this theory of the origin of the Lindsays of early England/Scotland will be further researched and added at a later time.